Note: the red
letters all have the same sound
This is a VOICED sound which means Your Vocal Cords DO
vibrate when making this sound.
LISTEN to your Vocal Cords vibrating if you cover
your ears with your hands.
Try covering your ears with your hands as Akiko is doing in
Now make the sound of this lesson. Can you listen to your vocal cords vibrating?
FEEL your Vocal Cords vibrating if
you place your hands on your neck.
Try placing your hands on your neck as Akiko is doing in the
Now make the sound of this lesson. Can you feel your vocal
The following diagram shows the most important parts of your
head and mouth used for pronouncing the sounds of English.
It also shows the location of your Vocal Cords.
and tongue position
The following descriptions explain the proper mouth, lips,
and tongue position when you make this sound.
mouth releases air which is then quickly stopped.
Your lips should be slightly separated.
The front part of your tongue should be behind your upper teeth.
Listen to the video and practice repeating each word.
Pronunciation practice words
Look at your mouth in a mirror and practice pronouncing
the following words. Make sure your mouth, lips, and
tongue are in their proper positions.
Note: the red letters all
have the same sound (watch the video above)
Pronunciation word test
Try saying the following tongue twister
as quickly as possible.
Ed had edited it.
This is actually a fairly easy sound to pronounce for
most non-native English speakers.
The following classroom lessons are great for students
who want additional listening and reading practice.
Travel America -
Level. Do you love America and American
English? Learn before you travel. Facts and other
cool stuff about your favorite U.S. state. Great
English reading practice.
America - Georgia
Learn some interesting facts and read interesting
stories about Georgia.
Known today as the "Peach State," Georgia, founded
in 1733, is one of the original 13 states. It was
named in honor of England's King George II. During
the Civil War, the fall of Atlanta was a crucial
turning point in the defeat of the South. Today,
Atlanta, which became Georgia's capital in 1868, is
a thriving city with major national corporations,
and it is considered the economic and cultural
center of the Southeast. The state flower is the
Georgia adopted a new state flag in 2003. Georgia's
current flag has three bars of equal width - two outer red
bars and a white bar in the center. There is a square blue
canton the width of two bars in the upper left corner.
Georgia's coat of arms is centered on the canton with the
words "In God We Trust" below (both in gold). The state coat
of arms is also the central design on the obverse [main
face] of Georgia's state seal. Circling the coat of arms are
thirteen white stars (symbols of Georgia and the other
twelve original states that formed the United States of
Georgia leads the nation in the number and variety of
different state flags it has flown.
Gold Rush Days / World Open Gold Panning
You've probably heard of the California Gold Rush of 1848. But did
you know there was also a gold rush in Georgia?
Gold was discovered in Dahlonega, Georgia, in 1828. Nestled in the
mountains of northern Georgia, Dahlonega is home to the Consolidated
Gold Mine. At the turn of the 20th century, the mine was reportedly
the largest gold mining operation east of the Mississippi River. In
1901, during a cleanup, 54 pounds of gold were recovered from it.
Each October, Dahlonega, which comes from the Indian word "talonaga,"
meaning "precious metal," celebrates the first big gold rush with a
two-day festival that has grown into one of the biggest events in
the area. Another festival, called the World Open Gold Panning
Championship, began in California in 1961 to remember the 1842
discovery of gold in Los Angeles County. This festival moved to the
Consolidated Gold Mine in Dahlonega in the late 1980s. The
Championship includes a contest in which the winner is the fastest
person to pan eight nuggets of gold from a full pan of sand. How
long do you think it would take you to pan gold nuggets?
Westville Yule Log Ceremony
Ever wondered what a Southern country village was like in the 1800s?
If you were to visit Westville Village in Georgia, you would get a
good idea. Called a "living history museum," Westville Village is a
town completely restored to what it was like in 1850 -- with
authentic pre-Civil War-era buildings. The entire town is a museum
of what life was like in the mid-19th century.
Today, visitors to Westville can observe craftspeople practicing
their trades, such as blacksmithing, pottery, basket-making,
spinning, weaving, farming, fireplace cooking, candle-making and lye
The village also revives old holiday traditions. At Christmastime
one of the celebrations is a Yule Log ceremony. On Christmas Eve a
large, freshly cut log is decorated and brought to a fireplace.
Prayers are then recited while the log is sprinkled with oil, salt,
and special wine and then lit. It was believed that the remains of
the burned log would protect the house from lightning and evil
powers. This custom dates back to the 12th century and was known in
most European countries before it became popular in the U.S.
Twice a year Northwestern Georgia celebrates its cultural traditions
on the grounds of a historic water-powered mill. The Prater Mill,
located on the Coahulla Creek, was built by Benjamin Franklin Prater
in 1855. During the Civil War, the mill was used as a campsite for
soldiers on both sides. Since it was considered an important source
of food, it was not destroyed. The Prater family operated the mill
until the 1950s.
On Mother's Day and Columbus Day weekends, the mill goes back into
operation by grinding yellow and white cornmeal. Other old-time
industries are demonstrated during these weekends, such as
blacksmithing and the making of furniture and musical instruments.
One of these instruments is the dulcimer, a type of stringed
instrument on which the strings are beaten with a small hammer
rather than plucked.
Traditional Southern foods such as hoecakes and poke salad are
served at these festivals, and Appalachian music is performed.
Hoecakes are made of cornmeal shaped into a flat cake and baked or
fried on a griddle. The hoecake got its name because it was
sometimes baked on the blade of a hoe. Poke salad is made of a
vegetable that grows wild in the eastern United States.
Georgia Folk Pottery
Have you ever made a pot out of clay? In Georgia the creation of
pottery has a long history. The red clay of north Georgia soil is
highly suitable for pottery making. American Indians in the area,
including the Creeks and Cherokees, created clay wares, and as
European immigrants settled in Georgia during the 1700s, they too
The European immigrants made pottery by turning clay on a wheel
(called "throwing"), using glaze and a fire kiln (oven). Pottery
became so widespread in the 1820s through the 1840s in the north and
central areas of Georgia that pottery-making centers were called "jugtowns."
Today, Georgia pottery is still made, and the skills, techniques,
and materials are passed on to each new generation. Several families
in this area continue to "turn and burn," preserving a 200-year-old
With few exceptions, Georgia pottery was produced for practical uses
only, and any artistic appeal was secondary. This does not mean
Georgia pottery lacks beauty. It is the combination of form and
glaze, and technique and innovation that creates a simple beauty.
Why does the woman in the photo have pots and pans balancing on her
head? She's performing in Swamp Gravy.
No, it's not a big swamp filled with your mother's turkey gravy!
Swamp Gravy: The Gospel Truth is a play. Swamp Gravy tells real-life
stories of everyday people in the form of comedies, dramas and even
musicals. The stories come from taped interviews, which a writer
then adapts into a play. Each year there is a new version of the
play with new stories. The stories are about life and death, family,
More than 100 volunteers -- actors and production crew -- produce
this play and bring these stories to life. It is of such
professional quality that the Georgia General Assembly has called it
the "Official Folk Life Play of Georgia."
In addition to performing at the Cotton Hall (a renovated cotton
warehouse in Colquitt, Georgia), Swamp Gravy was selected to be
performed at the Kennedy Center in Washington, D.C. The crowd was so
moved by the performance that the cast was invited to return. Next
time Swamp Gravy will have new stories of Georgia life.
Atlanta's Role in the Civil War
Atlanta played an important role during the Civil War. Do you know
what it was?
Founded in 1837 as a railway center for northwestern Georgia,
Atlanta's original name was "Terminus." By 1852, its population had
reached 3,000, including some 500 slaves. Because of its location
and commercial importance, Atlanta was used as a center for military
operations and as a supply route by the Confederate army during the
Civil War. Therefore, it also became a target for the Union army.
General William Tecumseh Sherman and his troops captured the city in
1864. In order to weaken the Confederate military organization,
Union troops burned Atlanta to the ground before they moved on. Do
you think that burning the city was an extreme action?
Today, Atlanta is the capital of Georgia. It is known for its robust
economy and as the birthplace of Martin Luther King Jr.
Juliette Gordon Low, Girl Scout National
Are you a Girl Scout or a Boy Scout? Do you know where the idea for
these troops came from? The original idea came from England, but the
first Girl Scout group in the United States began in Savannah,
Georgia, and all because one woman had a vision.
Juliette "Daisy" Gordon Low organized the first group of Girl Scouts
on March 12, 1912, because she wanted to give girls the opportunity
to get out of the house and get involved in their community and the
outdoors. She got the idea of starting a girl's group after spending
time in England with General Robert Baden-Powell and his sister
Agnes, who had founded the Boy Scouts and the Girl Guides.
Low took these ideas back to the U.S. and established the Girl
Guides of America. It started out as a group of 18 girls who met
regularly with a naturalist to go on nature walks, cook meals over
campfires, and do other "scouting" activities. Low was so dedicated
to this group that she sold a strand of rare matched pearls for
$8,000 to pay for operations in the beginning. Today, Low's
birthplace in Savannah is open to the public as a museum and
contains information about the early Girl Scouts.
The following is a description of national
forests and monuments in the state
of Georgia. There are no national parks in
this state. If you plan to visit or live in
Georgia for awhile then you should
definitely plan to visit some of these
With 430 mi (690 km) of trails, this forest
contains the southern terminius of the
Appalachian Trail. Georgia's highest point,
Brasstown Bald at 4,784 ft (1,458 m) is in
the forest, and several Civil War battles
were fought in the area.
Built by James Oglethorpe between 1736 and
1748, these remnants of a fort and town
protected the southern boundary of the
British colony of Georgia from Spanish
raids. It was a few miles from the site of
the Battle of Bloody Marsh.
In 1862 during the American Civil War, the
Union Army successfully tested a rifled
cannon against the defending Confederates,
rendering brick fortifications obsolete.
Fort Pulaski was also used as a
prisoner-of-war camp during the war. The
national monument includes most of Cockspur
Island (containing the fort) and all of
adjacent McQueens Island.
Ocmulgee preserves traces of more than 10
millennia of native Southeastern culture,
including Mississippian mounds. From Ice Age
hunters to the Creek Indians of historic
times, there is evidence of at least 10,000
years of human habitation. Between 900 and
1150, an elite society supported by skillful
farmers lived on this site near the Ocmulgee
Do you love America and American English? Learn before
you travel. Facts and other cool stuff about your
favorite U.S. state. Visit the Fun Easy English Travel
America pages. Read about the beautiful National
Forests, Parks, and Monuments. Great English reading practice.
Planning to drive in America? Learn the rules and
regulations. Great English reading practice.
(Beginner - Listening)
Avoid Ineffective Study Methods. An audio lesson to help
you study English more effectively. The English is
spoken at 75% of normal speed. Great English study tips.
Click here to visit the lesson page with the written script for this