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Fun Easy English Classroom July 27


Learn American
English vocabulary
beginning with
letter O
American English Vocabulary - Letter O

Today in the classroom you are going to learn some words you should know beginning with the letter O.
Hey if you cannot understand something on this page,
then use the Fun Easy English dictionary (opens in a new window)
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American English Vocabulary - Letter O

The words on this page came from the VOA, Voice of America, Special English Word Book. Use the Fun Easy English dictionary for a more detailed explanation of each word.
  • obey - v. to act as one is ordered to act
  • object - v. to show that one does not like or approve; to protest; n. something not alive that can be seen or touched
  • observe - v. to watch; to look at carefully; to celebrate or honor something ("They will observe the anniversary of the day she was born.")
  • occupy - v. to take and hold or to control by force
  • ocean - n. the area of salt water that covers almost seventy-five percent of the earth's surface; any of the five main divisions of this water
  • of - prep. made from; belonging to; about; connected to; included among
  • off - ad. away; at a distance; condition when something is no longer operating or continuing; not on; not connected
  • offensive - n. a military campaign of attack; ad. having to do with attacking
  • offer - v. to present or propose; n. the act of presenting or proposing; that which is presented or proposed
  • office - n. a room or building where business or work is done; a public position to which one is elected or appointed
  • officer - n. a person in the military who commands others; any person who is a member of a police force
  • official - n. a person with power in an organization; a representative of an organization or government; ad. of or about an office; approved by the government or someone in power
  • often - ad. many times
  • oil - n. a thick liquid that does not mix with water and that burns easily; a black liquid taken from the ground and used as fuel
  • old - ad. not young or new; having lived or existed for many years
  • on - prep. above and held up by; touching the upper surface of ("The book is on the table."); supported by ("He is on his feet."); about ("The report on the meeting is ready."); at the time of ("He left on Wednesday.")
  • once - ad. one time only
  • only - ad. being the single one or ones; no more than ("We have only two dollars.")
  • open - v. to start ("They opened talks."); ad. not closed; not secret
  • operate - v. to do work or a job; to cut into the body for medical reasons
  • opinion - n. a belief based on one's own ideas and thinking
  • oppose - v. to be against; to fight against
  • opposite - ad. different as possible; completely different from; exactly the other way ("North is the opposite direction from south.")
  • oppress - v. to make others suffer; to control by the use of unjust and cruel force or power
  • or - conj. giving another of two choices; giving the last of several choices
  • orbit - v. to travel in space around a planet or other object; n. the path or way an object travels in space around another object or planet
  • order - v. to give a command; to tell someone what to do; n. a command; the correct or normal way things are organized; a peaceful situation in which people obey laws
  • organize - v. to put in order; to put together into a system
  • other - ad. different; of another kind; the remaining one or ones of two or more ("That man is short; the other is tall.")
  • our - ad. of or belonging to us
  • oust - v. to force to leave; to remove by force
  • out - ad. away from the inside; opposite of in
  • over - conj. above; covering; across, in or on every part of ("all over the world")
  • overthrow - v. to remove from power; to defeat or end by force
  • owe - v. to pay or have to repay (usually money) in return for something received
  • own - v. to have or possess for oneself
From YOUR Teacher: Words You Should Know

Fun Easy English Words You Should Know comes from  the VOA, Voice of America, Special English Word Book Vocabulary. Special English, now called Learning English, consists of 1,500 essential words which anyone learning English should know.
News Words - Letter O

The videos on this page came from the VOA, Voice of America, News Words program. Use the Fun Easy English dictionary for a detailed explanation of words you do not understand. Click the full screen button on the video to make it easier to watch and to read the video script.
Word Video  
Additional Lessons
About These Lessons

The following classroom lessons are great for students who want additional listening and reading practice.
  • Travel America - Beginner Level. Do you love America and American English? Learn before you travel. Facts and other cool stuff about your favorite U.S. state. Great English reading practice.
Travel America - New Hampshire
(Beginner - Reading)

Learn some interesting facts and read interesting stories about New Hampshire.
New Hampshire

One of the original 13 states (it entered the Union in 1788), New Hampshire was named after the English county of Hampshire. New Hampshire is called the "Granite State" because of its numerous granite quarries; the nickname may also reflect the state's attachment to tradition and its history of a frugal government. There are no general sales or individual income taxes, which fits with the state motto of "Live free or die." A relatively small state, New Hampshire plays a major role every four years in the presidential election, as it holds the first primary election. New Hampshire's state bird is the purple finch and its capital is Concord.
Flag of New HampshireNew Hampshire State Flag

New Hampshire's state flag features the state seal with the frigate Raleigh surrounded by laurel leaves and nine stars against a field of blue. New Hampshire did not officially adopt a state flag until 1909.
Source: State Symbols USA
The great seal of the state of New HampshireNew Hampshire State Facts

Picture: state seal of New Hampshire
State Capital Concord
Nickname Granite State
Motto Live free or die
Statehood June 21, 1788 (9th)
Origin of Name Named for Hampshire, England, by Captain John Mason
Largest Cities Manchester, Nashua, Concord, Derry, Rochester
Border States Maine, Massachusetts, Vermont
Area 8,969 sq. mi., 44th largest
State Bird Purple Finch
State Flower Purple Lilac (syringa vulgaris)
State Tree White Birch (betula papyrifera)
State Song Old New Hampshire
Map showing the location of New HampshireTravel and tourism site for New Hampshire - This state travel and territorial tourism site provides ideas for your vacations, meetings, and more.
New Hampshire Stories
Hancock Old Home Days

Do you like picnics? The people of Hancock, New Hampshire, like them so much that what started as a family picnic in 1879 has grown into a picnic that includes the whole town and anyone who has ever lived there!

Hancock has celebrated Old Home Day for more than 120 years. The celebration includes the Hancock Town Picnic and a parade. In 1999, the Old Home Day parade included a Y2K Bug float! Townspeople see the gathering as a way to encourage others who have moved away to come back and visit. Apparently, other people in the state thought it was a good idea as well. Today, invitations are sent out across the country to relatives and New Hampshire descendants to return for the statewide celebration. In 1899, New Hampshire Governor Frank Rollins made Old Home Day a state holiday.
Amoskeag Millyard

What's a "company town"? In case you're not sure, the story of the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company in Manchester, New Hampshire, is a good example of one.

At the beginning of the 20th century, the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company was the largest maker of cotton cloth in the world. It employed most of the town's people and became so powerful that it even played a big role in city planning. No other manufacturing companies could think about locating in New Hampshire without Amoskeag's permission, because it owned most of the land available for industry.

At first, only young women worked at the Amoskeag mills. After the Civil War, men were also hired, as were many immigrants. The mill brought great prosperity to the city. But that prosperity did not last forever.

After the First World War, many textile mills were located in the South, which was closer to the cotton farms and where wages were lower. Eventually, the Amoskeag Company had to lower wages to stay in business, causing the workers to strike in 1922. The company reopened, but it was not as strong as before. In 1935, it closed forever, bringing economic disaster to the town and its people.
Strawbery Banke

Have you ever been in a house that's older than the United States? If you go to Strawbery Banke, a historic area in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, you can see this 300-year-old house plus a lot of other very old buildings. Strawbery Banke is an outdoor museum of historic buildings. They are being preserved because they help us learn how people lived hundreds of years ago.

One of the buildings in Strawbery Banke is Sherburne House, which was built in 1695 by Captain John Sherburne. The architecture of the house (the way it's built) tells us that the early European settlers of Portsmouth were English. On the ceiling in one of the rooms are brightly colored spots that had been sponge-painted. The spots make the room look more cheerful. We tend to think of the early settlers as being very serious. Perhaps this simple decoration -- bright ceiling spots - lets us see them as more good-natured than we thought and, maybe, even more like ourselves.
Danbury Grange and Community Fair

How much pie can you eat in a single sitting? The Blazing Star Grange Number 71 in Danbury, New Hampshire, has a pie-eating contest as part of its community fair, which has been held annually since 1914.

Do you know what a Grange is? It is a family-oriented, social organization that focuses on agriculture and rural life and was founded by farmers in the 19th century. The word comes from "grain." There are local granges all over the country. Today, granges are involved in community service projects such as raising money for charities and increasing public awareness of local issues. The Blazing Star Grange community fair also includes live music, auctions, a parade -- and a lot of pies.

Not everyone in Danbury gets excited about the community fair parade. One year, two huge oxen, Ike and Mike, were a part of the parade. After a while, they decided they had had enough, so they simply turned off the street and went straight home. Ike and Mike didn't want any part of the parade -- they just wanted their barn and their hay!
Thompson School of Applied Science

The Thompson School of Applied Science, in Durham, is part of the University of New Hampshire. It's a school for people who want to work with animals, forests or farms.

One of the departments in the school is the Applied Animal Science Department. Since so many Americans have dogs, cats, and other small animals, it's important to have people who are trained to care for these animals. Students at the Thompson School can study Small Animal Care. This is the study of how pets behave and how to train and groom them. Students also learn what kinds of food dogs and cats should eat and how to keep them healthy. Many go on to work with veterinarians or humane societies or become pet groomers.

The two other areas in Applied Animal Science are Equine Management and Dairy Management. Equine Management teaches all sorts of subjects related to horses - everything from riding to physical care of the animals to management of barns and stables. In the Dairy Management program students experience practical, hands-on work with cattle as well as learning about the business of farming. Have you ever considered a career with animals?
Peace Treaties in Portsmouth

Two peace treaties have been signed in Portsmouth, New Hampshire. One was signed before America gained its independence from the British and the other was signed almost 200 years later. Do you know the treaties?

From 1702 to 1713, Great Britain and France fought in the West Indies and in the Carolina and New England frontiers in Queen Anne's War. At the end of the war, the American Indians who had sided with the French surrendered to the British. On July 13, 1713, representatives from the Indian tribes, Massachusetts Bay, and New Hampshire met in Portsmouth to sign a treaty. The Indians agreed not to fight the British anymore. This treaty is interesting in part because the Indian representatives signed their names in three languages: French, English, and their own, which is in pictograph, or drawn symbols.

Almost 200 years later, in 1905, President Theodore Roosevelt held a peace conference in Portsmouth to help end the Russo-Japanese War. As a result, Japan and Russia signed the Treaty of Portsmouth. President Roosevelt received the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts.
Northern Forest Heritage Park

There's plenty to do besides camping in White Mountain National Forest, such as fishing, hiking, spying on moose, and skiing. But it's also a good place to learn about local history. Within this New Hampshire National Forest is the Northern Forest Heritage Park. The park has a museum and other buildings that tell visitors about the local logging industry. In fact, Northern Forest Heritage Park runs the oldest continuous logging operation in the United States.

Considered a "working forest," the Northern Forest Heritage Park is located along the Androscoggin River. This was a major area in the logging and paper industry in the mid-19th and early-20th centuries. The Northern Forest offered a large supply of trees, and the Androscoggin River provided water power for the sawmills. Immigrants from many countries including Norway, Russia, Ireland, and Italy worked in the mills. As a result, the area boomed and several companies were established to take advantage of the wood and paper industries. At the same time, efforts were made to keep a forest growing, including the establishment of the first industrial forestry program in the nation.

Next time you are in a forest, think about all the things you can do there, as well as all the natural resources around you.
Source: Library of Congress
National Forests of New Hampshire

The following is a description of national forests in the state of New Hampshire. There are no national parks or monuments in this state. If you plan to visit or live in New Hampshire for awhile then you should definitely plan to visit some of these fantastic places.
National Forests
White Mountain

This National Forest is located in the White Mountains, which the Appalachian Trail and White Mountain Scenic Byway pass through. The forest includes Mount Washington, which at 6,288 ft (1,917 m) is the highest point in the Northeast and the location of the fastest wind speed recorded on earth, although the summit is located in a state park. This national forest is also partially located in the state of Maine.
Travel America
Travel America

Do you love America and American English? Learn before you travel. Facts and other cool stuff about your favorite U.S. state. Visit the Fun Easy English Travel America pages. Read about the beautiful National Forests, Parks, and Monuments. Great English reading practice.
Drive America

Planning to drive in America? Learn the rules and regulations. Great English reading practice.
Additional Information
Avoid Ineffective Study Methods

The complete lesson includes an audio program explaining this topic, the script for the audio program, a words in this story section, and other important information.
Click for the complete lesson
Audio Program

Listen to the audio program explaining this topic.
Improve Your Pronunciation by Training Your Ears

The complete lesson includes an audio program explaining this topic, the script for the audio program, a words in this story section, and other important information.
Click for the complete lesson
Audio Program

Listen to the audio program explaining this topic.
Improve Your Long-Term Memory by Spacing Practice

The lesson includes an audio program explaining this topic, the script for the audio program, a words in this story section, and other important information.
Click for the complete lesson
Audio Program

Listen to the audio program explaining this topic.
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