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Fun Easy English Classroom August 11


Learn American
English vocabulary
beginning with
letter R
American English Vocabulary - Letter R

Today in the classroom you are going to learn some words you should know beginning with the letter R.
Hey if you cannot understand something on this page,
then use the Fun Easy English dictionary (opens in a new window)
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American English Vocabulary - Letter R

The words on this page came from the VOA, Voice of America, Special English Word Book. Use the Fun Easy English dictionary for a more detailed explanation of each word.
  • race - v. to run; to take part in a competition to decide who or what can move fastest; to take part in a campaign for political office; n. one of the major groups that humans can be divided into because of a common physical similarity, such as skin color
  • radar - n. a device that uses radio signals to learn the position or speed of objects that may be too far away to be seen
  • radiation - n. waves of energy from something that produces heat or light; energy from a nuclear substance, which can be dangerous
  • radio - n. the system of sending and receiving signals or sounds through the air without wires
  • raid - v. to make a sudden attack; n. a sudden attack carried out as an act of war, or for the purpose of seizing or stealing something
  • railroad - n. a road for trains; a company that operates such a road and its stations and equipment
  • rain - n. water falling from the sky
  • raise - v. to lift up; to move to a higher position; to cause to grow; to increase
  • rape - v. to carry out a sexual attack by force against a person
  • rare - ad. not common; not usual; not often
  • rate - n. speed; a measure of how quickly or how often something happens; the price of any thing or service that is bought or sold
  • reach - v. to put a hand toward; to arrive at; to come to
  • react - v. to act as a result of or in answer to
  • read - v. to look at and understand the meaning of written words or numbers
  • ready - ad. prepared; completed; organized; willing
  • real - ad. true; truly existing; not false
  • realistic - ad. in agreement with the way things are
  • reason - n. the cause for a belief or act; purpose; something that explains
  • reasonable - ad. ready to listen to reasons or ideas; not extreme; ready or willing to compromise
  • rebel - v. to act against a government or power, often with force; to refuse to obey; n. one who opposes or fights against the government of his or her country
  • receive - v. to get or accept something given, offered or sent
  • recent - ad. a short time ago
  • recession - n. a temporary reduction in economic activity, when industries produce less and many workers lose their jobs
  • recognize - v. to know or remember something or someone that was known, known about or seen before; to accept another nation as independent and establish diplomatic ties with its government
  • record - v. to write something in order to have it for future use; to put sound or pictures in a form that can be kept and heard or seen again; n. a writing that shows proof or facts about something
  • recover - v. to get again something that was lost, stolen or taken away ("The police recovered the stolen money."); to return to normal health or normal conditions She is expected to recover from the operation.")
  • red - ad. having the color like that of blood
  • reduce - v. to make less or smaller in number, size or amount; to cut
  • reform - v. to make better by changing; to improve; n. a change to a better condition
  • refugee - n. a person who has been forced to flee because of unjust treatment, danger or war
  • refuse - v. to reject; to not accept, give or do something
  • register - v. to have one’s name officially placed on a list of people permitted to vote in an election or take part in an educational program
  • regret - n. a feeling of sadness or sorrow about something that is done or that happens
  • reject - v. to refuse to accept, use or believe
  • relations - n. understandings or ties between nations; members of the same family; people connected by marriage or family ties
  • release - v. to free; to permit to go; to permit to be known or made public
  • religion - n. a belief in, or the honoring of, a god or gods
  • remain - v. to stay in a place after others leave; to stay the same
  • remains - n. a dead body
  • remember - v. to think about the past; opposite forget
  • remove - v. to take away or take off; to put an end to; to take out of a position or office
  • repair - n. work done to fix something
  • repeat - v. to say or do again
  • report - v. to tell about; to give the results of a study or investigation; n. the story about an event; the results of a study or investigation; a statement in which the facts may not be confirmed
  • represent - v. to act in the place of someone else; to substitute for; to serve as an example
  • repress - v. to control or to restrict freedoms by force
  • request - v. to ask for; n. the act of asking for
  • require - v. to need or demand as necessary
  • rescue - v. to free from danger or evil
  • research - n. a careful study to discover correct information
  • resign - v. to leave a position, job or office
  • resist - v. to oppose; to fight to prevent
  • resolution - n. an official statement of agreement by a group of people, usually reached by voting
  • resource - n. anything of value that can be used or sold
  • respect - v. to feel or show honor to a person or thing ("All citizens should respect the law.")
  • responsible - ad. having a duty or job to do ("He is responsible for preparing the report."); being the cause of ("They were responsible for the accident.")
  • rest - v. to sit, lie down or sleep to regain strength; n. that which remains; the others
  • restaurant - n. a place where people can buy and eat meals
  • restrain - v. to keep controlled; to limit action by a person or group
  • restrict - v. to limit; to prevent from increasing or becoming larger
  • result - v. to happen from a cause; n. that which follows or is produced by a cause; effect
  • retire - v. to leave a job or position because one is old or in poor health
  • return - v. to go or come back; to bring, give, take or send back
  • revolt - v. to protest violently; to fight for a change, especially of government
  • rice - n. a food grain
  • rich - ad. having much money or goods; having plenty of something
  • ride - v. to sit on or in and be carried along; to travel by animal, wheeled vehicle, airplane or boat
  • right - n. what a person legally and morally should be able to do or have ("It is their right to vote."); ad. agreeing with the facts; good; correct; opposite wrong; on the side that is toward the east when one is facing north; opposite left
  • riot - v. to act with many others in a violent way in a public place; n. a violent action by a large group of people
  • rise - v. to go up; to go higher; to increase; to go from a position of sitting or lying to a position of standing
  • risk - n. the chance of loss, damage or injury
  • river - n. a large amount of water that flows across land into another river, a lake or an ocean
  • road - n. a long piece of hard ground built between two places so people can walk, drive or ride easily from one place to the other
  • rob - v. to take money or property secretly or by force; to steal
  • rock - n. a hard piece of mineral matter
  • rocket - n. a device shaped like a tube that moves through air or space by burning gases and letting them escape from the back or bottom, sometimes used as a weapon
  • roll - v. to turn over and over; to move like a ball
  • room - n. a separate area within a building with its own walls
  • root - n. the part of a plant that is under the ground and takes nutrients from the soil
  • rope - n. a long, thick piece of material made from thinner pieces of material, used for tying
  • rough - ad. not flat or smooth; having an uneven surface; violent; not made well
  • round - ad. having the shape of a ball or circle
  • rub - v. to move something over the surface of another thing
  • rubber - n. a substance made from the liquid of trees with the same name, or a similar substance made from chemicals
  • ruin - v. to damage severely; to destroy
  • rule - v. to govern or control; to decide; n. a statement or an order that says how something must be done
  • run - v. to move quickly by steps faster than those used for walking
  • rural - ad. describing areas away from cities which may include farms, small towns and unpopulated areas
From YOUR Teacher: Words You Should Know

Fun Easy English Words You Should Know comes from  the VOA, Voice of America, Special English Word Book Vocabulary. Special English, now called Learning English, consists of 1,500 essential words which anyone learning English should know.
News Words - Letter R

The videos on this page came from the VOA, Voice of America, News Words program. Use the Fun Easy English dictionary for a detailed explanation of words you do not understand. Click the full screen button on the video to make it easier to watch and to read the video script.
Word Video  
Additional Lessons
About These Lessons

The following classroom lessons are great for students who want additional listening and reading practice.
  • Travel America - Beginner Level. Do you love America and American English? Learn before you travel. Facts and other cool stuff about your favorite U.S. state. Great English reading practice.
Travel America - Utah
(Beginner - Reading)

Learn some interesting facts and read interesting stories about Utah.

The state known as Utah began when Brigham Young led a group of Mormon pilgrims seeking freedom from religious persecution into the Great Salt Lake Valley, where they established a settlement in 1847. The state gets its name from the Ute, an Indian tribe who lived there before the pioneers arrived. The golden spike completing the first transcontinental railroad line was driven at Promontory, Utah, in 1869, leading to a further influx of settlers. Utah was admitted as the 45th state in 1896. The capital, Salt Lake City, is also the world headquarters for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, and Mormons make up 70 percent of the population. The sego lily is the state flower of the "Beehive State."
Flag of UtahUtah State Flag

Utah's flag features the state seal against a field of blue. The date 1847 is the year the Mormons came to Utah. 1896 is the year Utah became the 45th state.

The beehive on the shield is a symbol of hard work and industry (the state motto is INDUSTRY, a beehive is the official state emblem, and Utah's nickname is The Beehive State).

A bald eagle (the United States national bird) perches atop the shield as a symbol of protection in peace and war (the eagle clutches arrows as a symbol of power). The sego lilies on right and left of the beehive are a symbol of peace (sego lily is also the state flower of Utah). A U.S. flag banner appears on each side of the shield, representing Utah's support to the nation.
Source: State Symbols USA
The great seal of the state of UtahUtah State Facts

Picture: state seal of Utah
State Capital Salt Lake City
Nickname Beehive State
Motto Industry
Statehood January 4, 1896 (45th)
Origin of Name Taken from the name of the Ute Indians, whose name means "people of the mountains"
Largest Cities Salt Lake City, Provo, West Valley City, Sandy, Orem
Border States Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Nevada, New Mexico, Wyoming
Area 82,168 sq. mi., 12th largest
State Bird American Seagull
State Flower Sego Lily (calochortus gunnisonii)
State Tree Blue Spruce (picea pungens)
State Song Utah, We Love Thee
Map showing the location of UtahTravel and tourism site for Utah - This state travel and territorial tourism site provides ideas for your vacations, meetings, and more.
Utah Stories
The Springville Museum Quilt Show

Are there any old quilts in your family? Quilts, which are often passed down from generation to generation, can be an art form as much as something that keeps you warm. A quilt could just as easily be in a museum as it would be in someone's home.

Throughout American history, women who took care of their families also have felt the urge to create art. They used materials they had at hand -- mainly old clothes and rags from the household -- to create quilts. Quilting has been a part of Utah history and culture since pioneers settled in the Salt Lake Valley in 1847. The art of quilting has been passed down from mother to daughter and friend to neighbor since that time. Quilts can take hundreds of hours and thousands of stitches to make.

Quilts made in the 1800s are very valuable today, and some people collect quilts just like paintings or sculpture. The Springville Museum in Springville, Utah, has an exhibit every year in June to show off the quilting talents of local quilters. Many quilts tell a story of daily life in Utah through colors and symbols.

To learn more about quilting, go to the "Join America at Play" section of this Web site.
Cowboy Poetry

Did you know that many cowboys pride themselves on their ability to write and recite poetry? They are reading and writing "cowboy poetry." What is that? Just as the name suggests, it's poetry written by, for, and about cowboys. It describes what life was like for a cowboy in the old days, as well as what life is like today.

The strong story content of cowboy poetry appeals to a mixed audience -- other cowboys and cowgirls, ranchers, city dwellers and farmers. This appeal has led to the growing popularity of the Trementon Cowboy Poetry Roundup. Held in the Bear River Valley of northern Utah, the roundup features local cowboys reading their own poems as well as those of others. Each year 400 to 600 people attend the event. You may have to be a cowboy (or cowgirl) to write cowboy poetry, but anyone can enjoy it!
Lamb Day

Can you guess why the kids in the photo are dressed as lambs?

They are participating in the Lamb Day parade in Fountain Green, Utah. Sheep herding has historically been a popular way to earn a living in Fountain Green. The town's people celebrate the local sheep-herding community every year with a Lamb Day festival, which first started in 1932. Sheep played a big part in the economy of Fountain Green from the 1880s to the 1920s with the town playing a leading role in lamb production worldwide.

Lamb Day features a lamb show and auction, a parade, a talent show, a dance, games, and contests, including a one-mile race called the "Lamb Scram" and a three-mile race called the "Wool Street Journey." The festival highlight is the meal of lamb roasted for 12 hours in special sandstone-lined pits first used 100 years ago.
Bryce Canyon National Park, Utah

What's a hoodoo? Would you ever guess it has something to do with rocks?

Utah's Bryce Canyon National Park owes much of its beauty and character to the process of erosion -- the wearing away of a surface by forces like water or wind. Hoodoos are strangely shaped pillars that often resemble goblins or other supernatural characters. In fact, the Paiute Indians, who lived in this region, called them "Legend People."

Although they may resemble people, these rocks were formed by nature. Water has physically and chemically broken down the ancient rock of the Paunsaugunt Plateau by dragging bits of gravel and debris across its surfaces and by entering small holes in the rock and dissolving it. Various layers of rock differ in strength, so erosion does not wear away at them all at the same rate. Therefore, odd and irregular shapes have been formed. In addition to hoodoos, other shapes include fins, spires, and pinnacles.
Circle of Wellness

The circle is an important symbol for Native Americans. It represents the four seasons, the heavens and the earth, the universe, and the cycle of life. The idea behind the Circle of Wellness organization is to keep Native American Indian traditions alive, while helping Native Americans in Utah get a good education, start businesses, and become satisfied members of their community.

More than 32,000 Native Americans live in Utah. They want to remember their native history and traditions, which is why they created a special cultural center to preserve these traditions and unite the Utah Native American community. The circle was a good symbol to choose for this center because a circle also stands for mental, physical, spiritual and emotional health and the wholeness of a community.
Utah Pioneers

It's been called the largest human migration in American history. Do you know what that refers to?

By 1869, perhaps 70,000 members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, also known as Mormons, had walked or traveled in wagons across 1,300 miles of wilderness to Salt Lake City, Utah. Leaving 6,000 in graves along the way, the Mormons were searching for religious freedom. Their journey was equal to the distance from New York City to Miami, or Seattle to San Diego.

"This is the right place. Drive on." These were the words that Brigham Young, top Elder of the Mormons, said on July 24, 1847, as he lay sick in the back of a wagon. The place was the great valley of the Salt Lake, in what would become the state of Utah. The Mormons wanted to leave the persecution they faced in the eastern part of the United States and start a community of their own out west. Once Brigham Young and his band of 148 Mormons had found "the place," more than 70,000 Mormons decided to follow.

Every year since 1849, Salt Lake City has remembered the Mormon pioneers on Pioneer Day. In 1997, a Mormon wagon train re-created the journey of these pioneers, to celebrate the 150th anniversary of Brigham Young's arrival in Utah. The trip took three months!
Source: Library of Congress
National Forests, Parks, and Monuments of Utah

The following is a description of national forests, parks, and monuments in the state of Utah. If you plan to visit or live in Utah for awhile then you should definitely plan to visit some of these fantastic places.
National Forests

Ashley National Forest manages the Flaming Gorge National Recreation Area and the High Uintas Wilderness. Kings Peak at 13,528 ft (4,123 m) is the highest point in Utah and is located in the Uinta Mountains. This national forest is also partially located in the state of Wyoming.

Straddling the divide between the Great Basin and Colorado River, Dixie National Forest has elevations ranging from 2,800 ft (850 m) near St. George to 11,322 ft (3,451 m) on Boulder Mountain. Ashdown Gorge, Box-Death Hollow, Cottonwood Forest, and Pine Valley Mountain wilderness areas are in the forest.

Located in south central Utah, Fishlake National Forest is named for Fish Lake, the state's largest natural mountain lake. The forest's Tushar Mountains reach their highest point at 12,174 ft (3,711 m) on Delano Peak.
Manti-La Sal

Including the La Sal and Abajo mountains of eastern Utah, elevations in this forest reach 12,721 ft (3,877 m) on Mount Peale. The Dark Canyon Wilderness is the only wilderness area in the forest. This national forest is also partially located in the state of Colorado.

Sawtooth National Forest includes over 1,100 lakes, 1,000 mi (1,600 km) of trails and roads, and ten mountain ranges, with the highest point at 12,009 ft (3,660 m) on Hyndman Peak. The forest includes Sawtooth National Recreation Area, the Sawtooth Range, Sawtooth Wilderness, four ski areas, and four endemic species, being found nowhere else in the world. This national forest is also partially located in the state of Idaho.

There are nine wilderness areas in the forest, which occupies part of the Wasatch and Uinta mountains. Mount Nebo and Mount Timpanogos are located in wilderness areas at the edge of the Wasatch Front. This national forest is also partially located in the states of Idaho and Wyoming.
National Parks

This site features more than 2,000 natural sandstone arches, with some of the most popular arches in the park being Delicate Arch, Landscape Arch and Double Arch.[14] Millions of years of erosion have created these structures located in a desert climate where the arid ground has life-sustaining biological soil crusts and potholes that serve as natural water-collecting basins. Other geologic formations include stone pinnacles, fins, and balancing rocks.
Bryce Canyon

Bryce Canyon is a geological amphitheater on the Paunsaugunt Plateau with hundreds of tall, multicolored sandstone hoodoos formed by erosion. The region was originally settled by Native Americans and later by Mormon pioneers.

This landscape was eroded into a maze of canyons, buttes, and mesas by the combined efforts of the Colorado River, Green River, and their tributaries, which divide the park into three districts. The park also contains rock pinnacles and arches, as well as artifacts from Ancient Pueblo peoples.
Capitol Reef

The park's Waterpocket Fold is a 100-mile (160 km) monocline that exhibits the earth's diverse geologic layers. Other natural features include monoliths, cliffs, and sandstone domes shaped like the United States Capitol.

Located at the junction of the Colorado Plateau, Great Basin, and Mojave Desert, this park contains sandstone features such as mesas, rock towers, and canyons, including the Virgin River Narrows. The various sandstone formations and the forks of the Virgin River create a wilderness divided into four ecosystems: desert, riparian, woodland, and coniferous forest.
National Monuments
Bears Ears

Twin buttes, sandstone canyons, desert mesas, forested highlands, rock art, ancient cliff dwellings, ceremonial kivas.
Cedar Breaks

A natural amphitheater canyon similar to formations at Bryce Canyon National Park, it stretches over 3 miles (4.8 km) and is more than 2,000 feet (610 m) deep.

This sandstone and conglomerate bed, known as the Morrison Formation, was formed in the Jurassic Period and contains fossils of dinosaurs including Allosaurus and various long-neck and long-tail sauropods. This national monument is also partially located in the state of Colorado.
Grand Staircase-Escalante

Preserving 1,003,863 acres (4,062.49 km2), the monument consists of the Grand Staircase, the Kaiparowits Plateau, and the Canyons of the Escalante. It is notable for its paleontological finds and geology, and it was the first monument to be maintained by the Bureau of Land Management.

Hovenweep contains six clusters of Native American ruins. Holly Canyon, Hackberry Canyon, Cutthroat Castle and Goodman Point are in Colorado and Square Tower and Cajon are in Utah. Ancient Pueblo Peoples lived in the Hovenweep area from 1150 to 1350. This national monument is also partially located in the state of Colorado.
Natural Bridges

Located at the junction of White Canyon and Armstrong Canyon, it is part of the Colorado River drainage. It features the second- and third-largest natural bridges in the western hemisphere, carved from the white Triassic sandstone of the Cedar Mesa Formation that gives White Canyon its name.
Rainbow Bridge

Rainbow Bridge is one of the world's largest natural bridges. It stands 290 feet (88 m) tall and spans 275 feet (84 m) wide; the top of the bridge is 42 feet (13 m) thick and 33 feet (10 m) wide. It was made from sandstone formed during the Triassic and the Jurassic periods.
Timpanogos Cave

The Timpanogos cave system is in the Wasatch Range in the American Fork Canyon. Three main chambers are accessible: Hansen Cave, Middle Cave, and Timpanogos Cave. Many colorful cave features or speleothems can be seen, including helictites, cave bacon, cave columns, flowstone, cave popcorn, and cave drapery.
Travel America
Bryce Canyon National Park
(Beginner - Listening, reading)

A video lesson which shows you an interesting place in America.
The English is spoken at 75% of normal speed.
Great English listening and reading practice.
This video is all about Bryce Canyon National Park.
Canyonlands National Park
(Beginner - Listening, reading)

A video lesson which shows you an interesting place in America.
The English is spoken at 75% of normal speed.
Great English listening and reading practice.
This video is all about Canyonlands National Park.
Capitol Reef National Park
(Beginner - Listening, reading)

A video lesson which shows you an interesting place in America.
The English is spoken at 75% of normal speed.
Great English listening and reading practice.
This video is all about Capitol Reef National Park.
Travel America

Do you love America and American English? Learn before you travel. Facts and other cool stuff about your favorite U.S. state. Visit the Fun Easy English Travel America pages. Read about the beautiful National Forests, Parks, and Monuments. Great English reading practice.
Drive America

Planning to drive in America? Learn the rules and regulations. Great English reading practice.
Additional Information
Avoid Ineffective Study Methods

The complete lesson includes an audio program explaining this topic, the script for the audio program, a words in this story section, and other important information.
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Audio Program

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Improve Your Pronunciation by Training Your Ears

The complete lesson includes an audio program explaining this topic, the script for the audio program, a words in this story section, and other important information.
Click for the complete lesson
Audio Program

Listen to the audio program explaining this topic.
Improve Your Long-Term Memory by Spacing Practice

The lesson includes an audio program explaining this topic, the script for the audio program, a words in this story section, and other important information.
Click for the complete lesson
Audio Program

Listen to the audio program explaining this topic.
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