Fun Easy English Classroom February 10


Learn about
abstract nouns
Abstract Nouns

Today in the Fun Easy English classroom you are going to learn about abstract nouns an important part of English grammar.
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Grammar: Abstract Nouns
  • An abstract noun:
  • is a word used to describe intangible concepts such as: states, events, concepts, feelings, qualities, etc., that have no physical existence
  • is a word that cannot be perceived through the five physical senses of: hearing, seeing, smelling, tasting and touching
  • is the opposite of a concrete noun
  • An abstract noun is either:
  • countable
  • non-countable
Abstract Nouns Examples
  • I know the importance of learning English.
  • I would like the opportunity to study abroad.
  • She needs to have more confidence.
  • Happiness means different things to different people.
  • You should save your money for your education.
  • She has a lot of pride.
  • The following words are abstract nouns
  • advice, afterthought, anger, art, beauty, behavior, business, childhood, confidence, courage, crime, democracy, education, energy, enjoyment, entertainment, freedom, friendship, fun, grammar, hate, hatred, happiness, health, help, history, homework, honesty, importance, information, insurance, intelligence, interest, justice, knowledge, laughter, law, life, love, luck, music, news, noise, opportunity, patience, peace, permission, politics, practice, pride, progress, proof, responsibility, schizophrenia, secrecy, slang, sleep, time, traffic, travel, trouble, truth, unemployment, violence, vocabulary, wealth, work
From YOUR Teacher: Abstract Nouns

Knowing abstract nouns is very important if you want to be able to express yourself adequately in English. Study the examples shown above.
Test: Abstract Nouns

For each test question, fill in the blank with the abstract noun which best fits with the context (meaning) of the sentence.
1.  I really need your ________ about this relationship.

     a.  advice
     b.  anger
     c.  energy
     d.  practice
2.  They accumulated an incredible amount of ________ this year.

     a.  violence
     b.  unemployment
     c.  wealth
     d.  schizophrenia
3.  You really need to think about your ________ next time.

     a.  democracy
     b.  behavior
     c.  justice
     d.  politics
4.  They fell in ________ from the first time they met.

     a.  peace
     b.  pride
     c.  truth
     d.  love
5.  The test shows she has above average ________.

     a.  truth
     b.  sleep
     c.  intelligence
     d.  music
6.  There is a lot of ________ coming from that house anytime.

     a.  noise
     b.  permission
     c.  honesty
     d.  insurance
7.  We try to ________ to Japan at least once a year.

     a.  business
     b.  progress
     c.  work
     d.  travel
8.  The ________ in California is not as good as it used to be.

     a.  laughter
     b.  vocabulary
     c.  education
     d.  trouble
9.  They said she has ________ which explains why she gets so upset.

     a.  schizophrenia
     b.  opportunity
     c.  confidence
     d.  afterthought
10.  You need a lot of ________ if you want to succeed in this world.

     a.  permission
     b.  progress
     c.  enjoyment
     d.  confidence
Additional Lessons
About These Lessons

The following classroom lessons are great for students who want additional conversation, listening, and reading practice.
  • Conversation Lesson - Beginner Level. Let's Learn English conversation lesson with a conversation video, a video script, audio listening practice, video speaking practice, video pronunciation practice, a new words section, and a writing activity.
Conversation Lesson 41 - Teamwork Works Best With a Team
(Beginner - Conversation, Listening, Reading)

In this lesson Anna meets with her boss, Ms. Weaver, for her yearly review. Ms. Weaver wants Anna to have higher numbers for the audience of her show. How will Anna make her audience numbers go up?
Lesson Video

Watch the video and then do the activities on this page.
Video Script

Anna: Hi. I am walking to work. Today my boss will tell me what she thinks of my work. Is it good? Or is it bad? Okay, time for work. I am going right now. Okay, okay, I’m going!
Ms. Weaver: Anna, hello.
Anna: Hello.
Ms. Weaver: Sit down. As you know, at the start of a new year we have a work review.
Anna: Yes. It’s time for mine.
Ms. Weaver: Yes. Anna, this chart shows the audience of The Time Traveling Treehouse. If you look at it, you will see something bad. Your audience is going down, down, DOWN!
Anna: Ms. Weaver, I think the chart is upside down.
Anna: Here, let’s flip that around. Now, it’s right-side up.
Ms. Weaver: Oh. If you look at this chart, you will see something good. Your audience is big.
Anna: Good!
Ms. Weaver: But not big enough.
Anna: Not good.
Ms. Weaver: I want to see these numbers go up, and up, and UP!
Anna: How?
Ms. Weaver: I have something -- idea posters!
Anna: (whispers) Idea posters.
Ms. Weaver: You really ought to think seriously about them. I like this one. Please read it.
Anna: “If at first you SUCCEED; you will be a success.” Well, it's a cute cat.
Ms. Weaver: Here’s another one. I like it.
Anna: “WORKING HARD looks hard because it really is hard.” I see. It's another cute cat.
Ms. Weaver: This is my favorite.
Anna: “TEAMWORK works best with a team.” A team of cats. Look at all those cats!
Ms. Weaver: So, Anna, do you understand what I want?
Anna: Yes, Ms. Weaver. I understand.
Anna: Okay, team. There is a problem in the Treehouse.
Amelia: Problem? What's the problem?
Anna: Our audience is big.
Bryan: But that's a good thing.
Anna: No, it is not big enough.
Anna: Please don’t worry. I know what Ms. Weaver wants. Here’s the plan. (whispers)
Bryan: Is that what she wants?
Amelia: Are you sure?
Anna: Yes. Let’s get to work!
Anna: Good job, team. This is exactly what Ms. Weaver wants!
Anna: Welcome to The Time Traveling Treehouse! Today you will learn about a very popular pet … cats!
MINDY: Anna. Did I give you enough cats?
Anna: I don’t know, MINDY. I think we need more cats!

Now practice listening to only the audio portion of the conversation.

In this video, learn how to say the new words. Then learn about sentences that include the words "if" and "will." These are called present real conditional sentences.

When we want our listener to notice one or two words in a sentence, we can say them louder, or put more emphasis on them. Learn how to do that in this video.
New Words
  • audience - n. the people who watch, read, or listen to something
  • cat - n. a small animal that is related to lions and tigers and that is often kept by people as a pet
  • chart- n. information in the form of a table or a diagram
  • cute - adj. having a pleasing and usually youthful appearance
  • exactly - adv. used to stress that something is accurate, complete, or correct
  • flip - v. to cause (something) to turn or turn over quickly
  • meow - v. to make a crying sound as cats do
  • pet - n. an animal (such as a dog, cat, bird, or fish) that people keep mainly for pleasure
  • poster - n. a usually large picture that is put on walls as a decoration
  • review - n. an act of carefully looking at or examining the quality or condition of something or someone
  • right-side up - noun phrase. with the top or correct side facing up
  • succeed - v. to do what you are trying to do or to achieve the correct or desired result
  • success - n. a person or thing that succeeds
  • teamwork - n. the work done by people who work together as a team to do something
  • upside down- adv. in such a way that the upper and the lower parts are reversed in position

In this lesson, what do you think Ms. Weaver wants? Do you ever have trouble understanding the advice that others give you? Write about it in the Facebook Comments section below. Then practice making sentences with "if." Click lesson activity to get the printable PDF version. The page opens to a new window.
Conversation Lessons

Study all 52 English conversation lessons. Let's Learn English conversation lessons each with a conversation video, a video script, audio listening practice, video speaking practice, video pronunciation practice, a new words section, and a writing activity. These lessons are for beginners.
Source: Voice of America
Additional Information
Study Tips
(Beginner - Listening)

Avoid Ineffective Study Methods. An audio lesson to help you study English more effectively. The English is spoken at 75% of normal speed. Great English study tips.
Click here to visit the lesson page with the written script for this audio program.