Fun Easy English Classroom January 7


Introduction to English
grammar and parts
of speech
English Grammar and Parts of Speech

Today in the Fun Easy English classroom you will learn about English grammar and parts of speech. Yup grammar pretty much sucks in any language and English is no exception. Still you must know basic English grammar rules in order to effectively communicate. Watch the video at the end of this lesson for suggestions on good ways to study English.
Hey if you cannot understand something on this page,
then use the Fun Easy English dictionary (opens in a new window)
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Video: Grammar Introduction
Video: Grammar Comedy Introducing Mr. A. Lee En
Grammar: Parts of Speech

Parts of speech explain how words are used in English and are grouped into eight categories.
  • noun - refers to a person, animal, place, thing, object, substance, state, event, feeling, or abstract idea
  • pronoun - takes the place of a noun or a noun phrase
  • verb - refers to an action (do, eat, talk) or a state (be, like, own)
  • adverb - modifies the meaning of other words including: nouns, pronouns, verbs, adverbs, adjectives, phrases, sentences
  • adjective - modifies, or describes, a noun or a pronoun
  • preposition - connects a noun, pronoun, or phrase to other words in a sentence
  • conjunction - connects phrases, clauses, or other words
  • interjection - used mostly in speech to show emotion, gain attention, exclaim, protest, or command
Video: Grammar Parts of Speech
From YOUR Teacher: Parts of Speech

This is the base of English grammar and the place for you to begin your studies.
Test: Grammar Parts of Speech

Review the parts of speech above. Decide which of the parts of speech each word in bold print in the test sentences represents.
1.  John ate lunch in the school cafeteria.

     a.  noun
     b.  pronoun
     c.  verb
     d.  adverb
2.  Jane shopped with her friends.

     a.  noun
     b.  pronoun
     c.  verb
     d.  adverb
3.  Your wallet is on the bed.

     a.  adjective
     b.  preposition
     c.  conjunction
     d.  interjection
4.  She likes to watch TV after work.

     a.  noun
     b.  pronoun
     c.  verb
     d.  adverb
 5.  Hey, sit down and be quiet.

     a.  adjective
     b.  preposition
     c.  conjunction
     d.  interjection
6.  They spent all their vacation money.

     a.  noun
     b.  pronoun
     c.  verb
     d.  adverb
7.  They hiked quickly up the mountain.

     a.  noun
     b.  pronoun
     c.  verb
     d.  adverb
8.  She is a beautiful actress.

     a.  adjective
     b.  preposition
     c.  conjunction
     d.  interjection
9.  They ordered more food but then ate nothing.

     a.  adjective
     b.  preposition
     c.  conjunction
     d.  interjection
10.  The park looks beautiful this time of year.

     a.  noun
     b.  pronoun
     c.  verb
     d.  adverb
Additional Lessons
About These Lessons

The following classroom lessons are great for students who want additional conversation, listening, and reading practice.
  • Conversation Lesson - Beginner Level. Let's Learn English conversation lesson with a conversation video, a video script, audio listening practice, video speaking practice, video pronunciation practice, a new words section, and a writing activity.
Conversation Lesson 7 - What Are You Doing?

In this lesson Anna is starting her work at The News. She goes around the office meeting her co-workers. She learns they are all busy.
Lesson Video

Watch the video and then do the activities on this page.
Video Script

Caty: Come in.
Caty: Well, Anna, welcome.
Anna: Thank you.
Caty: I am your boss, Caty Weaver. But, please call me Caty.
Anna: Thank you, Ms. Weaver.
Caty: Just Caty.
Anna: Sure thing, Ms. Weaver.
Caty: Okay then. Are you excited?
Anna: Yes, I am excited!
Caty: So sorry, but I am busy. Please meet your co-workers. But remember, they are busy working.
Anna: Sure. Thanks, Ms. Weaver.
Anna: Hi there! I’m Anna.
Anne: Hi, Anna. I’m Anne.
Anna: Nice to meet you. What are you doing?
Anne: Um, I’m writing.
Anna: You are writing! You are writing a lot!
Anna: (Spills papers) Oh! Oh dear.
Anne: No! No! That's okay.
Anna: I am sorry!
Anne: That’s okay. Really.
Anna: I am sorry!
Anne: Please. Please. Please stop. Please.
Anna: Sorry. Sorry.
Jonathan: (in the studio) “and people all around the world are waiting to hear news about the next president…”
Anna: Jonathan, hi! Remember me? I live in your building.
Jonathan: Oh. Uh. Hi, Anna.
Anna: What are you doing?
Jonathan: I am doing my show!
Anna: Oh, sorry. Are you recording?
Jonathan: Yes! And, now I have to record again!
Anna: Sorry. Have a good show.
Jonathan: Thank you.
Anna: Sorry.
Amelia: The word of the day is social. Social -
Anna: Oh! Hi!
Amelia: - is an adjective.
Anna: Hi! I’m Anna!
Amelia: Hi. I’m Amelia.
Anna: Nice to meet you!
Anna: What are you doing?
Amelia: I’m reading.
Anna: Are you reading the news? Hi!
Amelia: No, I’m reading for my show.
Amelia: (to camera person) Can I read again?
Anna: Sorry.
Anna: This day is not going well.
Caty: Anna! Hi! What’re you doing?
Anna: I am bothering people, Ms. Weaver.
Caty: Let’s go to my office and talk.
Anna: I like to talk with you, Ms. Weaver.
Caty: It’s Caty.
Anna: Right. Thanks ... Ms. Weaver

Now practice listening to only the audio portion of the conversation.

In this video, learn to say the new words. Also, learn how to use the Present Continuous tense and ask questions to clarify.

In this video, you learn about how Americans shorten verbs in the Present Continuous tense. You will also learn a shorter form of the question phrase, "What are you doing?"
New Words
  • bossn. the person whose job is to tell other workers what to do
  • botherv. to annoy someone or to cause someone to feel annoyed
  • busyadj. actively doing something
  • excitedadj. very enthusiastic and eager about something
  • nervousadj. having or showing feelings of being worried and afraid about what might happen
  • newsn. information that is reported in a newspaper, magazine, or a television news program
  • officen. a building or room in which people work at desks doing business or professional activities
  • readv. to look at and understand the meaning of letters, words, symbols, etc.
  • recordv. to store (something, such as sounds, music, images, etc.) on tape or on a disk so that it can be heard or seen later
  • shown. a television or radio program
  • workv. to do things as part of your job
  • writev. to create (a book, poem, story, etc.) by writing words on paper or on a computer

What are you doing now? What are your friends doing? Here is an example: "I am reading and my friends are listening to music." Write about it in the Facebook Comments section below. Do the activity and practice writing the activity words. Click lesson activity to get the printable PDF version. The page opens to a new window.
Conversation Lessons

Study all 52 English conversation lessons. Let's Learn English conversation lessons each with a conversation video, a video script, audio listening practice, video speaking practice, video pronunciation practice, a new words section, and a writing activity. These lessons are for beginners.
Source: Voice of America
Additional Information
Study Tips
(Beginner - Listening)

Avoid Ineffective Study Methods. An audio lesson to help you study English more effectively. The English is spoken at 75% of normal speed. Great English study tips.
Click here to visit the lesson page with the written script for this audio program.