Fun Easy English Classroom January 31


Learn about
English prepositions

Today in the Fun Easy English classroom you are going to learn about prepositions an important part of English grammar.
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Grammar: Prepositions

Definition of a preposition.
  • A preposition:
  • is a word that connects a noun, pronoun, or phrase to other words in a sentence
  • is a word that can indicate direction, location, or time
  • is either a:
  • simple preposition consisting of one word
  • compound preposition consisting of two words
  • compound preposition consisting of three words
  • usually comes before a noun
  • usually not placed at the end of a sentence unless part of a phrasal verb
  • The word or phrase that the preposition introduces is called the object of the preposition
Preposition Types
Preposition Examples
  • The following words are simple prepositions consisting of one word
  • aboard, about, above, absent, across, after, against, along, alongside, amid, amidst, among, amongst, around, as, aslant, astride, at, athwart, atop, barring, before, behind, below, beneath, beside, besides, between, beyond, but, by, despite, down, during, except, failing, following, for, from, in, inside, into, like, mid, minus, near, next, notwithstanding, of, off, on, onto, opposite, out, outside, over, past, per, plus, regarding, round, save, since, than, through, throughout, till, times, to, toward, towards, under, underneath, unlike, until, up, upon, via, with, within, without
  • The following words are compound prepositions consisting of two words
  • according to, ahead of, along with, as for, as per, as to, aside from, because of, close to, due to, except for, far from, inside of, instead of, near to, next to, out of, outside of, owing to, prior to, pursuant to, regardless of, subsequent to
  • The following words are compound prepositions consisting of three words
  • as far as, as well as, by means of, in accordance with, in addition to, in case of, in front of, in lieu of, in place of, in spite of, on account of, on behalf of, on top of
From YOUR Teacher: Prepositions vs Propositions

Hey be sure not to confuse prepositions with propositions.
Test: Grammar Prepositions

Study the preposition types listed above. In the test questions below choose which type of preposition is in bold print.
1.  The group walked around the park.

     a.  direction
     b.  location
     c.  time
2.  She was waiting at the train station.

     a.  direction
     b.  location
     c.  time
3.  They sat in the library.

     a.  direction
     b.  location
     c.  time
4.  The chicken ran across the street.

     a.  direction
     b.  location
     c.  time
5.  She is going to work at night.

     a.  direction
     b.  location
     c.  time
6.  The group will meet on Friday.

     a.  direction
     b.  location
     c.  time
7.  The book is on the table.

     a.  direction
     b.  location
     c.  time
8.  They brought the guest speaker into the room.

     a.  direction
     b.  location
     c.  time
9.  It rained throughout Summer.

     a.  direction
     b.  location
     c.  time
10.  The money is between the papers.

     a.  direction
     b.  location
     c.  time
Additional Lessons
About These Lessons

The following classroom lessons are great for students who want additional conversation, listening, and reading practice.
  • Conversation Lesson - Beginner Level. Let's Learn English conversation lesson with a conversation video, a video script, audio listening practice, video speaking practice, video pronunciation practice, a new words section, and a writing activity.
Conversation Lesson 30 - Rolling on the River
(Beginner - Conversation, Listening, Reading)

In this lesson Anna plans to have a dinner party. She needs to buy seafood, so she goes to the waterfront. She gets a surprise at the fish market.
Lesson Video

Watch the video and then do the activities on this page.
Video Script

Anna: Hello! Washington, D.C. sits on the Potomac River. This river is important to the history and culture of the city. Today, I am at an outdoor seafood market near the Potomac River. Some say it is the oldest outdoor seafood market in the United States! I am here to buy seafood. Let’s see what they have!
Anna: Excuse me. Can you help me?
Pete: Sure! What do you need?
Anna: Pete!
Pete: Anna!
Anna: What are you doing here?
Pete: I work here. You know, it’s not easy to be a writer.
Anna: Yeah, I heard that. Sorry.
Pete: But this job is great. I work outside by the river. And I can eat all the free seafood I want!
Anna: That is great, Pete. In fact, I am here to buy some seafood for my dinner party.
Pete: You came to the right place. They have the freshest seafood in town. How much money can you spend?
Anna: I can only spend $50.
Pete: Okay. What do you want?
Anna: First, I want to buy some shrimp.
Pete: Sure thing. Follow me. How much shrimp do you want?
Anna: How much do I need for five people?
Pete: (yells to co-worker) Give her a pound of shrimp!
Anna: Ok, now I want to buy some crabs.
Pete: The crabs here are delicious! They are the best because they come from the nearby Chesapeake Bay! Walk this way.
Pete: How many crabs do you want?
Anna: I want a dozen crabs.
Pete: You should get the larger crabs. They have the most meat.
Anna: Then I want a dozen large crabs, please!
Pete: Is that everything you need?
Anna: Let’s see … I have shrimp and crabs. And a friend is bringing a salad and many ears of corn-on-the-cob.
Pete: Is that all the seafood that you need?
Anna: Yes.
Pete: That’ll be $49.95. Cash or credit?
Anna: Credit, please.
Pete: Anna, you love to eat seafood. Did you grow up on the water?
Anna: No, I didn’t. But I love the water. And I love being on the water.
Pete: You know how to sail?
Anna: Well … this afternoon I am going on a boat.
Pete: You are full of surprises. What kind of boat? Is it a motorboat or a sailboat?
Anna: It’s a special boat, Pete. Well, thanks for your help. See you later!
Pete: See you, Anna! Wow, Anna’s a sailor! Who knew?
Anna: Yes, rivers are important to the history and culture of Washington, D.C. And now I am part of this city’s interesting waterfront culture. Until next time!

Now practice listening to only the audio portion of the conversation.

In this video, learn to say the new words for this lesson. You can also learn about how to use count and noncount nouns.

Use this video to learn about the abbreviations for dozen and pounds.
New Words
  • best - adj. better than all others in quality or value
  • Chesapeake Bay - n. an inlet of the Atlantic, in Maryland and Virginia. It is 200 miles (or 320 km) long; and from 4–40 miles (or 6–64 km) wide
  • corn-on-the-cob - n. corn when cooked and eaten straight from the cob - the part of corn that the kernels grow on; an ear of corn
  • crab - n. a sea animal that has a hard shell, eight legs, and two large claws
  • credit - n. money that a bank or business will allow a person to use and then pay back in the future
  • dozen - n. a group of 12 people or things
  • ear - n. the part of a corn plant on which the seeds grow
  • freshest - adj. the most fresh
  • many - adj. used to refer to a large number of things or people
  • much - adj. large in amount or extent
  • larger - adj. greater in size or amount
  • market - n. a place where products are bought and sold
  • money - n. something (such as coins or bills) used as a way to pay for goods and services and to pay people for their work
  • most - adj. almost all or the majority of
  • motorboat - n. a boat with a motor
  • oldest - adj. having the highest age of a group
  • Potomac River - proper noun. a river flowing from West Virginia to the Chesapeake Bay. It flows between Maryland and Virginia
  • pound - n. a unit of weight that is equal to 16 ounces or about a half of a kilogram
  • river - n. a large natural flow of water that crosses an area of land and goes into an ocean or a lake
  • sail - v. to travel on water in a ship or boat
  • sail - n. large piece of strong cloth that is connected to a ship or boat and that is used to catch the wind that moves the ship or boat through the water
  • sailboat - n. a boat that has a sail
  • sailor - n. a person who works on a boat or ship as part of the crew
  • salad - n. a mixture of raw green vegetables, such as different types of lettuce, usually combined with other raw vegetables
  • seafood - n. fish and shellfish that live in the ocean and are used for food
  • some - adj. refers to an unspecified amount or number
  • spend - v. to use money to pay for something
  • water - n. an area of water such as a lake, river, or ocean
  • waterfront - n. the land or the part of a town next to the water of an ocean, river or lake.

Where do you buy fresh food? Is there a seafood or vegetable market near where you live? Tell us about it. Try to use some of the words from this lesson, like best, freshest, oldest, spend, money, and larger. Write about it in the Facebook Comments section below. Then practice using comparative and superlative adjectives with a friend. Click lesson activity to get the printable PDF version. The page opens to a new window.
Conversation Lessons

Study all 52 English conversation lessons. Let's Learn English conversation lessons each with a conversation video, a video script, audio listening practice, video speaking practice, video pronunciation practice, a new words section, and a writing activity. These lessons are for beginners.
Source: Voice of America
Additional Information
Study Tips
(Beginner - Listening)

Avoid Ineffective Study Methods. An audio lesson to help you study English more effectively. The English is spoken at 75% of normal speed. Great English study tips.
Click here to visit the lesson page with the written script for this audio program.