Today in the Fun Easy English classroom you are going to
learn to pronounce the sound aw as in
the words bought,
walk. Remember "practice makes
perfect" if you want to improve your English speaking ability.
if you cannot understand something on this page,
then use the Fun Easy English
(opens in a new window)
Pronounce the sound aw as in
the words bought,
walk. Watch the following pronunciation
videos and learn to pronounce this sound correctly.
American English Pronunciation Lesson 10
Note: the red
letters all have the same sound
Voiced and Unvoiced
This is a VOICED sound which means Your Vocal Cords DO
vibrate when making this sound.
LISTEN to your Vocal Cords vibrating if you cover
your ears with your hands.
Try covering your ears with your hands as Akiko is doing in
Now make the sound of this lesson. Can you listen to your vocal cords vibrating?
FEEL your Vocal Cords vibrating if
you place your hands on your neck.
Try placing your hands on your neck as Akiko is doing in the
Now make the sound of this lesson. Can you feel your vocal
The following diagram shows the most important parts of your
head and mouth used for pronouncing the sounds of English.
It also shows the location of your Vocal Cords.
Position: Mouth, lips,
The following descriptions explain the proper mouth, lips,
and tongue position when you make this sound.
mouth should be relaxed.
Your lips should be rounded.
The front part of your tongue should be in the center part of your
Listen to the video and practice repeating each word.
Pronunciation practice words
Look at your mouth in a mirror and practice pronouncing
the following words. Make sure your mouth, lips, and
tongue are in their proper positions.
Note: the red letters all
have the same sound (watch the video above)
Test: Pronunciation word test
Choose the correct letter or
letters to complete each of the following words.
2. _ _dience
3. _ _ful
5. b_ _ght
7. cl_ _se
8. l_ _n
the letter or letters needed to complete each word all have
the same sound.
An Interesting Sound
This sound is used a lot. Although it can be spelled
many different ways, this still seems like an A sound.
The following classroom lessons are great for students
who want additional conversation, listening, and reading
Conversation Lesson -
Intermediate Level. Let's
Learn English conversation lesson
with a conversation video, a video script, audio
listening practice, and a new
28 - For the Birds
Conversation, Listening, Reading)
In this lesson Anna looks for birds but finds ice cream
trucks. And then she finds...a spy? But, what is he
Watch the video and then read the video script.
KELLY: Oh, Anna, there you are! I am so glad we joined the Great City Bird
Count! Aren't you?
ANNA: No. Today has been a bust … a flop … a bummer!
KELLY: I’m sensing a little disappointment.
ANNA: A little?
KELLY: My official bird-watching form is almost full!
ANNA: I've only seen pigeons ... lots and lots of pigeons! But I did write down
some other valuable information.
KELLY: Did you find a bird's nest?!
(She shows Kelly a map of ice cream trucks.)
ANNA: I found 10 ice cream trucks in this five-block area. Their music seems to
follow me everywhere.
KELLY: We're supposed to be counting birds, not ice cream trucks. This is
important scientific work!
ANNA: Well, when you want ice cream, my data will be pretty important.
KELLY: Anna, birds are everywhere! I’m sure you’ll find something. Use your
imagination! But, make sure that you put it on the official form.
(Anna walks away with her ice cream truck map.)
PROF. BOT: Anna was supposed to find birds, but she didn’t.
PROF. BOT: Kelly says, “We're supposed to be counting birds, not ice cream
trucks.” To be supposed to means you are expected to do something.
PROF. BOT: It’s different from have to and ought to. Have to means you must do
something. And ought to means you should do it but you don’t have to.
PROF. BOT: Keep watching for have to and ought to!
(Anna looks through binoculars but doesn't see birds. She talks to herself.)
ANNA: No birds. Oh wait, there’s another ice cream truck! Anna, focus on birds.
Aw, but that truck has my favorite flavor ... banana!
ANNA: That man is in the way. I can’t see the price. I wonder what flavor he's
ANNA: Strawberry? He doesn't seem like a strawberry kind of guy.
ANNA: In fact, he doesn't seem like an ice cream truck kind of guy. That suit
ANNA: Maybe he's a spy! You know what that means: The ice cream truck driver is
a spy, too!
ANNA: Genius! It’s a perfect disguise.
ANNA: What?! The man in the suit left his briefcase at the ice cream truck!
ANNA: I was right! He is a spy! And, he just dropped off top-secret information!
I ought to do something. Something needs to be done! I need to do something.
(Anna runs to the ice cream truck and takes the briefcase.)
ANNA: I did it! I took the spy’s briefcase!
ANNA: What’s that?! The ice cream truck -- it’s following me! It wants the case
back! I have to hide.
(She runs and hides behind a tree.)
ANNA: This is my life now -- running, scared, alone.
(She runs to another tree.)
ANNA: That awful music -- it’s following me everywhere!
(The man sees her at the tree.)
MAN: Hey! You found my briefcase.
ANNA: You caught me! I mean, I caught you!
MAN: Well, I just want my briefcase. All my poems are in there.
ANNA: Poems? You’re a poet?
MAN: Well, I'm a lawyer. But I write poems, too.
(Anna gives the man his briefcase.)
ANNA: So, you’re not a spy?
MAN: You look disappointed.
ANNA: No, that’s okay. It’s not your fault. Poems are nice, too. I guess.
MAN: Well, would you like me to read my latest one?
ANNA: Why not?
MAN: On sunny day walks, my hand reaches for ice cream from fragaria.
ANNA: I love your poem!
MAN: I love ice cream.
ANNA: Me too.
MAN: What's your favorite flavor?
MAN: Well, my favorite flavor is ...
MAN: How did you know that?
ANNA: A little bird told me.
Now practice listening to only the audio portion of the conversation.
In past Let's Learn English lessons, you learned about the modal verbs have to
and ought to. Today, you learned be supposed to. English learners sometimes
Be supposed to means to be expected to do
something. But, sometimes we use it to say what someone is allowed to do.
“We're supposed to be counting birds, not ice cream trucks.” -Kelly
I am supposed to meet someone for lunch at noon.
They were not supposed to stay in the store after it closed.
Have to has the same meaning as must. In American
English, have to is much more common than must.
“I have to hide!” -Anna
We have to leave by 9am to catch the tour.
What time do you have to be at work?
Ought to has the same meaning as should. But, it
is less common and more formal. Sometimes, it is used for saying what is
“I ought to hide!” -Anna
You ought to visit us for the holiday.
The show ought to be done in an hour.
be supposed to
am/is/are/was/were + supposed to
+ simple verb
have to + simple verb
ought to + simple verb
In friendly situations, we sometimes use informal language to show
For example, Anna says, "Today has been a bust...a flop...a bummer!"
Bust, flop, and bummer are three informal words that show disappointment. Bust
and flop mean a complete failure. A bummer is something unpleasant or
I lost my phone. What a bummer!
Last night's event was a real bust.
The film was so boring. It was a flop.
Sometimes, we can tell a person nicely that they did not cause the
For example, Anna learns that the man with the briefcase is not a spy. She is
disappointed, but says: "No, that’s okay. It’s not your fault."
Now, you try it!
1. Write about something that should or must happen soon in your life or in your
city or town. Use be supposed to, have to and ought to.
2. What is something that you or someone else has felt disappointed about? Write
a few sentences about it. Use language from today's lesson to show
Or, just tell us what you think of the lesson. We'd love to hear from you! Write
to us in the comments section below.
In today's lesson, you saw examples of grammar from past lessons. Look for
sentences in Lesson 28 with:
the verb tell
Write your findings in the Facebook comments section below.
n. a device that you hold up to your eyes and
look through to see things that are far away
n. an animal that has wings and is covered with
n. an area of land surrounded by four streets
in a city
n. a flat case that is used for carrying papers
n. facts or information used usually to
calculate, analyze, or plan something
n. made to look like something else
drop off –
phrasal verb. to take someone or something to a
place and then leave
n. a flowering plant that bears strawberries
adj. in a way that uses remarkable talent or
n. a man (informal)
n. the ability to form a picture in your mind
of something that you have not seen or experienced
in the way –
expression. making it more difficult for a
person to do something
n. a person whose job is to guide and assist
people in matters relating to the law
A little bird told me –
expression. a way of saying that you do not
want to reveal who told you something
n. the place where a bird lays its eggs and
takes care of its young
adj. permitted, accepted, or approved by a
person or organization that has authority
n. a gray bird that is common in cities and
that has a fat body and short legs
n. the amount of money that you pay for
something or that something costs
v. to be able to touch, pick up, or grab
something by moving or stretching
v. to understand or be aware of (something)
without being told about it or having evidence that it is true
n. a soft, juicy red fruit that grows on a low
plant with white flowers
adj. kept completely secret by high government
adj. very useful or helpful
Why not? –
expression. used to make a suggestion, or agree
to a suggestion
Study all 30 English intermediate conversation lessons.
Let's Learn English conversation lessons each with a
conversation video, a video script, audio listening
practice, and a new
These lessons are for
Study all 52 English beginner conversation lessons. Let's Learn
English conversation lessons each with a conversation
video, a video script, audio listening practice, video
speaking practice, video pronunciation practice, a new
words section, and a writing activity.
lessons are for beginning students.
Avoid Ineffective Study Methods. An audio lesson to help
you study English more effectively. The English is
spoken at 75% of normal speed. Great English study tips.
Click here to visit the lesson page with the written script for this